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2014年pmp考试模拟试题及答案

2014-04-24 16:59:00 无忧考网

QUEST The sequential steps that define the process for successfully completing a project is: A Implementation Plan B a life cycle C Development Plan D a critical path E Management Plan B QUEST What is the purpose of the Project Plan? A To document the Preliminary estimates. B To document the Definitive estimates. C To document the Budgetary estimates. D To document Parametric estimates. E To document Order of Magnitude estimates. C QUEST Scope management is: A a project control function. B employs change control. C a work authorization process. D considers Cost, Quality and Schedule. E All of the above. E QUEST Which percent of the total project labor hours are typically expended by the end of the second phase of the project life cycle? A 5% B 10% C 15% D 25% E 50% D QUEST Which of the following factors has historically been the greatest contributor to project failure? A Planning performed by a planning group. B Poor financial estimates. C Lack of sufficient management reserve. D Lack of management support. E Not using an automated tracking tool. D QUEST Which of the following planning considerations is often overlooked? A Planning for project termination. B Qualified project manager assignment. C Insuring top management support. D Clearly defined tasks. E All of the above. A QUEST The project stakeholders should be actively involved with the _____ phase(s) of the life cycle. A Conceptual B Development. C Execution D Finish E All of the above. E QUEST Make or buy decisions are usually made during the _____ phase of a project. A Conceptual B Development. C Implementation D Execution E Close-out B QUEST Historical records during close-out are useful to _____ and _____ for future projects. A Predict trends, highlight problems. B Analyze successes, shortfalls. C Analyze strengths, document results. D Support litigation, defend claims. E Justify results, set standards. A QUEST A clear definition of the user’s needs serves as the direct basis for the: A Work breakdown structure. B Functional requirements. C Project cost estimate. D Selection of personnel. E Termination decision. B QUEST Middle (functional) managers have the greatest influence in the direction of the project in which type of organizational structure? A Project. B Strong matrix. C Weak matrix. D Project coordinator. E Project expeditor. C QUEST The project charter: A Expresses upper management commitment to the project. B Provides that authority by which the project will be run. C Establishes that organizational structure with the project. D Specifies overall objectives and timeframe of the project. E All of the above. E QUEST The WBS is: A An organization oriented family tree of the project. B A task oriented family tree of the project. C A cost centered structure of the project. D Only required on large complex projects where separately identifiable work packages are difficult to construct. E None of the above. B QUEST Including the customer in the process of project planning is: A Slow and counterproductive. B Essential in the definition and documentation of project goals. C Necessary, but of limited value. D Unnecessary because project goals are defined in the proposal stage. E None of the above. B QUEST The scope management provides: A A basis for future decisions about the project. B A baseline to accomplish verification measures. C A baseline to evaluate potential scope changes. D All of the above. E B and C only. D QUEST During project execution, a line manager informs you that he will not have sufficient resources available next month to support your and two other projects. The best way to handle this problem would be to: A Ask the line manager to make the decision. B Ask the line manager to work with senior management to prioritize the work. C Ask your sponsor to meet with the line manager. D Ask the line manager to set up a meeting with you and the other project managers to work out the problem yourselves. E Prepare a purchase order to outsource the work. D QUEST Proper implementation of project management will guarantee that: A Budgets will be met. B Schedules will be adhered to. C Quality/performance will be met. D The project will be a success. E None of the above. E QUEST The most difficult decision for the executive sponsors to make at the end-of-phase review meeting is: A Budget allocations for the next phase. B Authorizing scope changes for the next phase. C Authorizing budget increases for the next phase based upon scope changes. D Canceling the project. E All of the above. D QUEST The financial closeout of a project dictates that: A All project funds have been spent. B No charge numbers have been overrun. C No follow-on work from this client is possible. D No further charges can be made against the project. E All of the above. D QUEST A project can best be defined as: A Series of non-related activities designed to accomplish single and multiple objectives. B Coordinated effort of related activities designed to accomplish a goal without a well- established end point. C Cradle-to-grave activities which must be accomplished in less than one year and consumes human and non-human resources. D Any undertaking with a definable time frame, well-defined objectives, and consumes both human and non-human resources with certain constraints. E All of the above. D QUEST The project scope/charter baseline includes: A Summary of background conditions defining the project. B Organization, authority and responsibility relationships. C Functions to be performed. D Resource requirement schedule including time estimates. E All of the above. E QUEST Scope reporting is the timely determination, _____, and _____ of project progress, status data, and transforming this into structured documentation (reports) necessary to judge project performance (reporting on work packages). A Recording, accumulation. B Recording, graphical display. C Accumulation, graphical display. D Graphical display, interpretation. E Interpretation, analysis. A QUEST The work breakdown structure (WBS) is an excellent tool for objective control and evaluation. Which of the following is generally NOT validated through the WBS? A Time, schedule and cost. B Management coordination and organization structuring. C Work methods and accountability. D Quality of work. E Risk and impact decision-making. D QUEST The scope baseline once established and approved, is used: A as the basis for making future decisions. B to accomplish verification measures. C to evaluate potential changes. D All of the above. E A and C only. D QUEST The identification, definition, and selection of the project objectives as well as the best approach to achieving the project objectives are indentified in the _____ phase of the project but first documented in the project _____. A Conceptual, charter/baseline. B Conceptual, master schedule. C Development, charter/baseline. D Development, master schedule. E Development, masterplan. A QUEST Project management/project planning is most closely aligned with: A Long range/strategic planning (5 years or more). B Intermediate range planning (1 to 5 years) C Short range/tactical planning (1 year or less). D All of the above. E B and C. E QUEST Management decision-making includes: A Analysis of alternatives. B Revisions/replanning. C Resource allocation. D Modification or updating of goals and objectives. E All of the above. E QUEST The "control points" in the work breakdown structure used for isolated assignments to work centers are referred to as: A Work packages. B Subtasks. C Tasks. D Code of accounts. E Integration points. C QUEST A task-oriented family tree of activities is a: A Detailed plan. B Linear responsibility chart. C Work breakdown structure. D Cost account coding system. E Work package description. C QUEST Management plans include all of the following except: A Organization of project. B Job descriptions. C Policies and procedures. D Linear responsibility charts. E Scope baseline. E QUEST A comprehensive definition of scope management would be: A Managing a project in terms of its objective through the concept, development, implementation, and termination phases of a project. B Approval of the scope baseline. C Approval of the detailed project charter. D Configuration control. E Approved detailed planning including budgets, resource allocation, linear responsibility charts and management sponsorship. A QUEST The process of choosing/documenting the best approach to achieve the project objectives is part of: A The scope baseline. B Scope authorization C Scope definition D Scope planning. E All of the above. D QUEST A completion of a local government study resides on your critical path. This would most likely be referred to as: A Soft logic B Hard logic C An external dependency D A mandatory dependency E A lost cause C QUEST Which of the following can affect network durations? A Skills of the resource pool B Calendar dates C Constraints D All of the above E A and B only E QUEST Sources for data on activity durations and resource requirements can be gathered from which of the following: A Past project records (historical data) B Commercial techniques (standard practices, rules of thumb) C Past project team members knowledge (experience, oldtimers) D All of the above E A and C only D QUEST The erection of foundation formwork before the placement of foundation concrete would be an example of a _____ dependency. A Discretionary B Mandatory C External D Soft logic E Subcontracted B QUEST "Hard logic" in the preparation of a network refers to: A Discretionay dependencies B External depenencies C Mandatory dependencies D All of the above E A abd B only C QUEST The difference between a project and a program is that: A A program is made up of multiple projects B A program requires at least three times longer to plan than a project C A project is a one-shot deal while a program is on-going D A and C E B and C D QUEST As a control tool, the bar chart (Gantt) methods is most beneficial for: A rearranging conflicting tasks B depicting actual versus planned tasks C showing the outer dependencies of tasks D A and C. E A and D B QUEST You are managing an internal project where a vice president from the user group is acting as the sponsor. You have just been informed by your team that the critical path has slipped by three weeks. You should: A Immediately inform the sponsor and ask for advice B Do nothing until the slippage occurs C See the sponsor after you have evaluated alternatives, recommendations, and performed an impact analysis D Look for someone to blame before you see the sponsor E Inform your senior management of the problem and tell them that you will get back to them after you assessed the situation C QUEST Line of balance charts are used most frequently in: A Engineering B Marketing C Manufacturing D Accounting E Contracts and procurement C QUEST Which of the following is indicative of negative float? A The late start date is earlier than the early start date. B The critical path supports the imposed end date. C The early finish date is equal to the late finish date. D When leads are employed in the schedule. E The project is sinking. A QUEST The most frequently used construct in Precedent Diagramming Method is: A Start to Start. B Finish to Finish. C Start to Finish. D Finish to Start. E Dummy activity. D QUEST The critical path is calculated by A subtracting the end date of task one from the start date of task two. B determining which tasks have the least amount of total slack. C totaling the time for all activities. D determining the shortest path through the network. E Determining which tasks have the most slack B QUEST Using the table in the Special window, Which task is completed? A dig hole B remove debris C survey D set forms E place concrete B QUEST Which may be employed to shorten a schedule without changing the scope of the task? A Fast tracking. B Crashing C Releasing resources earlier from tasks which were scheduled with a late start. D Alter to task priorities. E A or B A
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